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Carmona Bonsai: How to Care for Your Fukien Tea Tree

carmona bonsai

If you’re interested in Bonsai trees, the Carmona Bonsai, also known as the Fukien Tea tree, is a great choice. This tree is native to China and is known for its glossy green leaves and beautiful white flowers that bloom in the summertime. To keep your Carmona Bonsai thriving, you’ll need to follow these care guidelines.


The proper placement is essential for the health of your Carmona Bonsai. This tree thrives in temperatures around 70°F (20°C) and requires a lot of natural light. If you live in a warm climate, you can keep your tree outside during the summer months as long as the nights are warm enough. However, during the winter months, it’s best to keep your tree indoors. To ensure your Carmona Bonsai gets enough light, place it right next to a window where it can get the best light. If the climate is too cold and the tree isn’t getting enough natural light, you can use a plant lamp for additional light. To regulate humidity during the winter, fill a large tray with wet gravel or foamed clay and place it under the pot. Avoid exposing your Carmona Bonsai to cold or frosty air by keeping windows closed.


Keeping your Carmona Bonsai tree moist is critical for its health. However, overwatering can harm it, so it’s important to water on observation rather than following instructions on labels. Water your tree generously as soon as the soil surface gets dry, but avoid leaving it in excess water. It’s best to water the tree with rainwater or distilled water to prevent the leaves from showing signs of chlorosis.


The Carmona Bonsai has sensitive roots, so solid organic fertilizer works well. Liquid fertilizers can also be used in carefully measured doses and only on moist soil. Feed your tree well from spring to autumn, following the directions for use, and less often during winter.

Pruning and Wiring

Regular pruning is necessary to make the tree grow dense branch structures. The Fukien tea tree handles pruning very well, and young shoots are tender and flexible, making them easy to trim or wire. However, mature twigs and branches are hard and brittle, so use appropriate tools for pruning and be gentle when you want to wire and bend them.


To keep your Carmona Bonsai healthy, repot it every two years early in the springtime. Because of its sensitive root system, root pruning must be done with care. Be sure to use a soil mixture that both drains well and retains moisture because the Fukien Tea tree is sensitive to drought and excess wetness. A mixture of Akadama with a little humus and pumice is recommended.


You can propagate the Fukien Tea tree using seeds or cuttings in summer.

Pests and Diseases

Under inadequate conditions, the Carmona Bonsai can suffer from spider mites, scale, and whiteflies. To prevent these pests, provide your tree with plenty of natural light and the right amount of humidity. If pests appear, using insecticide sticks or sprays helps. Watering with hard water can cause the leaves to show signs of chlorosis, which can be treated with iron fertilizer. In rare cases, fungal diseases can enter through fresh wounds, so it’s important to use clean tools and treat all fresh wounds with cut-paste.


If you follow these guidelines, your Carmona Bonsai tree will thrive and add beauty to your home or garden. Remember to pay attention to its needs, and with proper care, your Fukien Tea tree

General information about the Carmona Bonsai tree

If you’re looking for a bonsai tree that is easy to care for and can thrive indoors, the Carmona bonsai tree, also known as the Fukien Tea, is an excellent choice. In this guide, we will cover all the important details about the Carmona bonsai tree, including its origins, characteristics, and how to properly care for it.

Origins of the Carmona Bonsai Tree

The Carmona bonsai tree (Carmona microphylla) is a species of the Boraginaceae plant family and is the only species of the genus Carmona. It is a subtropical evergreen shrub that is native to Japan, Indonesia, Taiwan, and Australia, but is most commonly associated with Fukien or Fujian, China, where it gets its popular name from.

Characteristics of the Carmona Bonsai Tree

In the wild, the Carmona bonsai tree can grow up to 3 meters tall and has a greyish-beige fissured bark. Its small leathery dark green leaves are glossy and have little white hairs on their surface. The tips of the leaves are either notched or dented. The tree produces star-shaped white flowers all year round that grows in clusters of two to six on short stems. The fruit are round and turn red when they are ripe. They have a diameter of 4 to 6 mm and contain a stone core with up to four seeds.

Growing and Caring for the Carmona Bonsai Tree

The Carmona bonsai tree is an excellent choice for beginners because it is easy to care for and can thrive indoors. Here are some tips for growing and caring for your Carmona bonsai tree:

Watering: Water your Carmona bonsai tree regularly, but make sure to avoid overwatering. The soil should be moist but not soggy.

Light: The Carmona bonsai tree requires bright, indirect sunlight. Place it near a window that gets plenty of natural light, but avoid direct sunlight.

Soil: The soil for your Carmona bonsai tree should be well-draining and slightly acidic. A mixture of peat moss and perlite is an excellent choice.

Fertilizer: Fertilize your Carmona bonsai tree regularly with a balanced fertilizer. Avoid using too much fertilizer, as this can damage the tree.

Pruning: Prune your Carmona bonsai tree regularly to maintain its shape and size. Use sharp, clean scissors or pruning shears to make clean cuts.

Identifying Your Carmona Bonsai Tree

If you need help identifying your Carmona bonsai tree, take a look at our Bonsai tree identification guide. This guide includes detailed descriptions and photos of different types of bonsai trees, including the Carmona bonsai tree.

In conclusion, the Carmona bonsai tree is an excellent choice for anyone looking for an easy-to-care-for bonsai tree that can thrive indoors. With proper care and attention, your Carmona bonsai tree can live for many years and bring beauty and tranquility to your home.

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